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CVE-2017-12635

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Date: November 14, 2017

Due to differences in the Erlang-based JSON parser and JavaScript-based JSON parser, it is possible in Apache CouchDB before 1.7.0 and 2.x before 2.1.1 to submit _users documents with duplicate keys for 'roles' used for access control within the database, including the special case '_admin' role, that denotes administrative users. In combination with CVE-2017-12636 (Remote Code Execution), this can be used to give non-admin users access to arbitrary shell commands on the server as the database system user. The JSON parser differences result in behaviour that if two 'roles' keys are available in the JSON, the second one will be used for authorising the document write, but the first 'roles' key is used for subsequent authorization for the newly created user. By design, users can not assign themselves roles. The vulnerability allows non-admin users to give themselves admin privileges.

Language: ERLANG

Severity Score

Severity Score

Weakness Type (CWE)

Permissions, Privileges, and Access Control

CWE-264

Improper Privilege Management

CWE-269

Top Fix

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Upgrade Version

CVSS v3

Base Score:
Attack Vector (AV): NETWORK
Attack Complexity (AC): LOW
Privilegs Required (PR): NONE
User Interaction (UI): NONE
Scope (S): UNCHANGED
Confidentiality (C): HIGH
Integrity (I): HIGH
Availability (A): HIGH

CVSS v2

Base Score:
Access Vector (AV): NETWORK
Access Complexity (AC): LOW
Authentication (AU): NONE
Confidentiality (C): COMPLETE
Integrity (I): COMPLETE
Availability (A): COMPLETE
Additional information:

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