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CVE-2020-26257

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Date: December 9, 2020

Matrix is an ecosystem for open federated Instant Messaging and VoIP. Synapse is a reference "homeserver" implementation of Matrix. A malicious or poorly-implemented homeserver can inject malformed events into a room by specifying a different room id in the path of a `/send_join`, `/send_leave`, `/invite` or `/exchange_third_party_invite` request. This can lead to a denial of service in which future events will not be correctly sent to other servers over federation. This affects any server which accepts federation requests from untrusted servers. The Matrix Synapse reference implementation before version 1.23.1 the implementation is vulnerable to this injection attack. Issue is fixed in version 1.23.1. As a workaround homeserver administrators could limit access to the federation API to trusted servers (for example via `federation_domain_whitelist`).

Language: Python

Severity Score

Severity Score

Weakness Type (CWE)

Uncontrolled Resource Consumption ('Resource Exhaustion')

CWE-400

Top Fix

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CVSS v3.1

Base Score:
Attack Vector (AV): NETWORK
Attack Complexity (AC): LOW
Privilegs Required (PR): LOW
User Interaction (UI): NONE
Scope (S): UNCHANGED
Confidentiality (C): NONE
Integrity (I): NONE
Availability (A): HIGH

CVSS v2

Base Score:
Access Vector (AV): NETWORK
Access Complexity (AC): LOW
Authentication (AU): SINGLE
Confidentiality (C): NONE
Integrity (I): NONE
Availability (A): PARTIAL
Additional information:

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