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CVE-2021-32749

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Date: July 16, 2021

fail2ban is a daemon to ban hosts that cause multiple authentication errors. In versions 0.9.7 and prior, 0.10.0 through 0.10.6, and 0.11.0 through 0.11.2, there is a vulnerability that leads to possible remote code execution in the mailing action mail-whois. Command `mail` from mailutils package used in mail actions like `mail-whois` can execute command if unescaped sequences (`\n~`) are available in "foreign" input (for instance in whois output). To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker would need to insert malicious characters into the response sent by the whois server, either via a MITM attack or by taking over a whois server. The issue is patched in versions 0.10.7 and 0.11.3. As a workaround, one may avoid the usage of action `mail-whois` or patch the vulnerability manually.

Language: Python

Severity Score

Severity Score

Weakness Type (CWE)

Code Injection

CWE-94

Top Fix

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Upgrade Version

Upgrade to version 0.10.7, 0.11.3

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CVSS v3.1

Base Score:
Attack Vector (AV): NETWORK
Attack Complexity (AC): HIGH
Privilegs Required (PR): NONE
User Interaction (UI): NONE
Scope (S): UNCHANGED
Confidentiality (C): HIGH
Integrity (I): HIGH
Availability (A): HIGH

CVSS v2

Base Score:
Access Vector (AV): NETWORK
Access Complexity (AC): MEDIUM
Authentication (AU): NONE
Confidentiality (C): PARTIAL
Integrity (I): PARTIAL
Availability (A): PARTIAL
Additional information:

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